History will be remembered as the 162nd anniversary of the Battle of Black Jack activities take place June 2 in Baldwin City. Events planned include two guided tours of the battlefield at 1:30 p.m. and 4 p.m. The tours are free and open to the public.

The Battle of Black Jack began on June 2, 1856, when a Free State militia led by John Brown attacked and defeated a proslavery militia at Black Jack in southeastern Douglas County which was then a part of the Kansas Territory. According to a news release, the battle was the first conflict in the Bleeding Kansas era and many believe it to be the first true battle of the American Civil War.

The battlefield is located in the Black Jack Battlefield and Nature Park at 163 E2000 Road in Wellsville, three miles east of Baldwin City on U.S. 56. The Black Jack Battlefield National Historic Landmark also is located there.

For more information about the battlefield, visit www.blackjackbattlefield.org